removable dentures


Removable Denture

Removable dentures are prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth. These dentures are supported by surrounding soft (mucosa) and hard tissues of the oral cavity (jaw bone). Conventional dentures are removable, however there are many different denture designs, some rely on bonding or clasping onto teeth or dental implants.  There are many colloquial terms for dentures such as dental plate, false teeth, choppers, and falsies. Removable dentures are less expensive than fixed dental prosthesis, and can help patients in mastication, aesthetics, phonetics, and

self-esteem . Removable dentures are two main types, partial dentures and complete dentures. 

Removable Partial Denture

Removable partial dentures are for patients who are missing some of their teeth on a particular arch.  Removable partial dentures can be made from acrylic (polymer plastic) materials or from a combination of chromium cobalt or titanium alloy and acrylic teeth.  The type that uses metal frame work is more retentive than the all acrylic denture.

Complete Dentures

Complete dentures or full dentures are made by acrylic polymers and worn by patients who are missing all of the teeth in a single arch (i.e the maxillary (upper) or mandibular (lower) arch). New dentures can be the cause of sore spots as they compress the soft tissues mucosa. A few denture adjustments for the days following insertion of the dentures can take care of this issue. Gagging is another problem encountered by a minority of patients. At times, this may be due to a denture that is too loose, too thick or extended too far onto the soft palate. Gingivitis or inflammation of soft gum tissue can occur under the full dentures, which is caused by accumulation of dental plaque.  Denture wearers may also experience impairment of their taste.  Dentures may become loose as underlying bone and gingival change.  This problem can be easily corrected by regular reline by your dentist.

The fabrication of a set of complete dentures is a challenge for both dentist and patient. Generally, complete dentures should be comfortable soon after insertion, although almost always at least 2-4 adjustment visits will be necessary to remove sore spots.

The maxillary denture (the top denture) is usually relatively straightforward to manufacture so that it is stable without slippage. The lower full denture tends to be the most difficult because there is no "suction" holding it in place. It is recommended that lower full denture should or must be supported by 2-4 implants placed in the lower jaw .  A lower denture supported by 2-4 implants is a far superior product than a lower denture without implants, held in place with weak lower mouth muscles. It is routine to be able to bite into an apple or corn-on-the-cob with a lower denture anchored by implants. Without implants, it is quite difficult or even impossible to do so.

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